Number And Gender Of Personal Pronouns

1. Personal Pronoun of the first person:

निम्नलिखित वाक्यों को पढ़िए –

1.  I have visited a village fair.

2. My friend also accompanied me.

3. He told me much about it.

4. That book is mine.

इन वाक्यों में I, my, me, mine – First person के Personal Pronoun हैं। ये एकवचन हैं और इनके बहुवचन क्रमशः we, our, us और ours हैं। लिंग और वचन के साथ-साथ इनके कारक भी होते हैं; जैसे –

  • We like swimming. (Nominative, plural)
  • The teacher gave us a test. (Objective, plural)

This is our classroom. or This classroom is ours. (Possessive, plural)

यह तालिका देखिये –

Case  Singular Plural
1. Nominative Case I We
2. Objective Case me us
3. Possessive case my, mine our, ours

2.  Personal pronoun of the Second person:

निम्नलिखित वाक्यों को पढ़िए –

1. You came to school on foot. (Singular)

You all should work hard, boys. (Plural)

2. That is your school. (Singular)

Is that your school, students? (Plural)

3. That cow is yours, Hari. (Singular)

Those bags are yours, boys. (Plural)

यहाँ you, your, yours शब्द the Second person के Personal Pronouns हैं।

Case Singular/ Plural
1. Nominative Case You
2. Objective Case you
3. Possessive case your, yours

3. Personal pronoun of the third person:

निम्नलिखित वाक्यों को पढ़िए –

  • He is very smart.
  • All like him.
  • I gave him his shirt.
  • This book is his.
  • She is a good girl.
  • It is the best book on grammar.
  • I bought it from a Fair Price shop.
  • Its title page is very beautiful.
  • They are honest boys.
  • The principal honored them for their honesty.
  • The mother loves her child.
  • All like to have their company.
  • Those pens are theirs.

यहाँ he, him, his, she, her, it, its, they, theirs – Third person के Personal Pronouns हैं।

Case Singular
Masculine/ feminine
Nominative case He/ She They
Objective case Him/ Her Them
Possessive case His/ Her Their, Theirs

निम्नलिखित वाक्यों को पढ़िए –

1. It is my car. This car is mine.
2. That is her doll. That doll is hers.
3. It is our school. This school is ours.
4. That is our school. That bat is yours.
5. These are their bags. These bags are theirs.

भाग A में my, her, our, your, their शब्द अपने बाद आई संज्ञा की विशेषता बताते हैं। अतः possessive adjectives इन्हें कहते हैं।

भाग B में mine, hers, our, yours, theirs शब्द संज्ञा के बाद आए हैं। ये और उसके मालिक के बीच सम्बन्ध बताते हैं। अतः ये है।

नोट – His को Possessive adjective और Possessive pronoun दोनों रूपों में प्रयोग किया जा सकता है।

  • It is his cycle. – (Possessive adjective)
  • That garden is his. – (Possessive pronoun)

Manvi Sharma

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