Yeaheglishclass

The Conjunction And Its Kinds

निम्नलिखित वाक्यों को पढ़िए –

  • Two and two make four.
  • He speaks loudly and clearly.
  • Give me a pen or a pencil.
  • Run fast otherwise you will miss the bus.

उपरोक्त वाक्यों में and, or, otherwise दो शब्द (words), वाक्यांशों (phrases) और वाक्यों (sentences) को जोड़ रहे है। इन्हे Conjunction या Linker कहते हैं।

Definition: A conjunction or a linker is a word which joins two words, phrases or sentences together.

KINDS OF CONJUNCTIONS

Conjunction तीन प्रकार के होते हैं –

Coordinate Conjunctions-

ये दो similar part of speech (noun and noun, adverb and adverb, adjective and adjective) को जोड़ते है;

निम्नलिखित वाक्यों को पढ़िए –

  • Walk fast or you will miss the bus.
  • He did not write to me nor did he send any message.
  • The farmer has a black and white dog.
  • He worked hard but failed.

यहॉं or, nor, and, but – Coordinate Conjunctions है। अन्य Coordinate conjunctions ये है: for, yet,  so, however, neither.

Correlative Conjunctions

ये जोड़ो (pairs) में प्रयुक्त होते हैं। जैसे – So …that, neither …nor.

निम्नलिखित वाक्यों को पढ़िए –

  • He hit the ball so powerful that it was a six.
  • Mohan could neither read nor speak English.
  • Either you or Mohan has broken the window pane.
  • Mr. Rahmat is both kind and rich.
  • No sooner did we reach the school that the bell rang.
  • No sooner does the bell ring than we all enter the classroom.
  • He visited not only Mumbai but also Chennai.
  • Not only did he help me but also Mohan.
  • Gopal is as intelligent as I.
  • Hardly had I stepped out when it began to rain.
  • He looks so foolish that all laugh at him.
  • It is so cold that you cannot go out.
  • Scarcely had the batsman scored a run when he was clean-bowled.
  • Scarcely had the bell gone before the boys ran away.

इन वाक्यों में conjunctions का प्रयोग जोड़ो में हुआ और वे एक दूसरे से सम्बन्ध रखते हैं।

Subordinate Conjunctions

ये दो clauses को जोड़ने का काम करती हैं।

निम्नलिखित वाक्यों को पढ़िए –

Can you tell me why he was punished?

Tell me where you live.

I was away when Mohan came here.

यहाँ why, where, when आदि conjunctions का प्रयोग subordinate clause और main clause के जोड़ने के लिए हुआ है।

इन्हे Subordinate Conjunctions कहते हैं।

Since, although, though, before, after, till, until, unless, as, because, while, in case, whether, so

that, as if, as soon as,

as long as आदि कुछ अन्य subordinate conjunction है।

  • Can you tell me why he was punished?
  • Tell me away when Mohan came here.

Conjunction का प्रयोग

(A)

अगर subject एक है और कार्य (action) में निरन्तरता (continuity) है तो दो वाक्यों को ‘and‘ लगातार जोड़िये और अगर उनमें विरोध (contrast) है तो उन्हें ‘but‘ से जोड़िए। जैसे –

1. They went to a cattle fair. They bought a cow.

They went to a cattle fair and bought a cow.

2. Anil bought a pen. He bought a pencil.

Anil bought a pen and a pencil.

3. He did his best. He failed.

He did his best but failed.

4. Mohan came to meet me. I was not at home.

Mohan came to meet me but I was not at home.

(B)

Choice (विकल्प), warning (चेतावनी) की अवस्था में or अथवा otherwise का प्रयोग कीजिए:

1. Work hard. You will not pass. (warning)

Work hard otherwise, you will not pass.

2. Play hockey or football. (choice)

Manvi Sharma

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