In this lesson, you are going to learn a basic and important use of present indefinite. This is one of the frequently used tense. It is known as the simple present, present simple or present indefinite and it is one of the verb forms associated with the present tense in modern English. it’s also encoded certain information about aspect in addition to the present time.
You can use it like – the subject + first form of the verb+ s/es + other words.
It is spoken for describing the regular actions which we do regularly, whenever we talk about our routine actions.
so now we’re going to practice some Use of present indefinite. so that we can get the use better on the tongue and make our speaking better as well. These are some Examples:
- I always take an apple.
- I walk to the school.
- She understands maths.
- I never go to the shopping mall.
- She writes for a living.
- She drinks coffee in the morning.
- He gets up at 6 am.
- For the plural subjects like I, You, we, they or any plural name there is no modification of verbs (‘
- For the singular subjects like he, she, it or any singular name we will add ‘s/es’ with the following rules:
- verbs which end with o, ch, sh, s, x, or z we will add ‘es’ otherwise we will add ‘s’.
Here are some Examples:
- Go – Goes
- Watch – Watches
- Kiss – Kisses
- Wash – Washes
- Buzz – Buzzes
For verbs that have ‘y’ at its end and before it there is any consonant, then we will replace ‘y’ with ‘ies’.
Examples for the case ‘y’ at the end with a consonant before it:
- study – studies
- carry – carries
- marry – marries
- worry – worries
Examples for the case of ‘y’ at the end with a vowel before it:
- say – says
- play – plays
We will give a negative sense by adding do/ does before adding not in the sentences. Let’s understand it with some examples:
- I do not – I don’t
- We do not – we don’t
- You do not – you don’t
- They do not – they don’t
- He does not – he doesn’t
- She does not – she doesn’t
In short, we will use ‘does not’ with a singular person or subject and we will use ‘do not’ with a plural person or subject. Let’s understand it with some examples:
- Gopal does not make a noise.
- I do not write a letter.
- Leela does not play with the doll.
- Those boys never tell lies.
- We do not play cards.
- The teacher does not punish the boys.
Now start having a conversation for a plural subject with help of it:
Question: Do you _____first form of verb_______________?
Reply positively: Yes, I _____first form of verb____________.
Reply negatively: No, I do not ____first form of verb_________.
Now start having conversation for a singular subject with help of it:
Question: Does he/ she ___first form of verb_________________?
Reply positively: Yes, he/ she _____first form of verb + s/es____________.
Reply negatively: No, he/ she does not ___first form of verb__________.